Elkind and Freddy Sweet Ph. Whether you are a teacher, administrator, custodian, or school bus driver, you are helping to shape the character of the kids you come in contact with.
Terminology[ edit ] "Character" is one of those overarching concepts that is the subject of disciplines from philosophy to theologyfrom psychology to sociology —with many competing and conflicting theories.
In other words, a person who exhibits personal qualities like those a society considers desirable might be considered to have good character—and developing such personal qualities is often seen as a purpose of education.
However, the various proponents of character education are far from agreement as to what "good" is, or what qualities are desirable. Compounding this problem is that there is no scientific definition of character. Because such a concept blends personality and behavioral components, scientists have long since abandoned use of the term "character" and, instead, use the term psychological motivators to measure the behavioral predispositions of individuals.
With no clinically defined meaning, there is virtually no way to measure if an individual has a deficit of character, or if a school program can improve it. The various terms in the lists of values that character education programs propose—even those few found in common among some programs—suffer from vague definitions.
This makes the need and effectiveness of character education problematic to measure. Programs are generally of four varieties: They may be used alone or in combination. Elements include "catching students being good" and praising them or giving them chits that can be exchanged for privileges or prizes.
There are many theories about means, but no comparative data and no consensus in the industry as to what, if any, approach may be effective. Indeed, the attempt to understand and develop character extends into prehistory.
Psychic arts[ edit ] Since very early times, people have tried to access or "read" the pre-disposition character of self and others. Being able to predict and even manipulate human behavior, motivations, and reactions would bestow obvious advantages. Pre-scientific character assessment techniques have included, among others: These approaches have been scientifically discredited although they continue to be widely practiced.
Race character[ edit ] The concept of inherited "race character" has long been used to characterize desirable versus undesirable qualities in members of groups as a whole along national, tribal, ethnic, religious and even class lines.
Though race character continues to be used as a justification for persecution of minorities worldwide,  it has been scientifically discredited and is not overtly a component of modern character education in western societies.
Generational character[ edit ] Particularly in modern liberal republics, social and economic change is rapid and can result in cognitive stress to older generations when each succeeding generation expands on and exhibits their own modes of expressing the freedoms such societies enjoy.
America is a prime example. With few traditions, each generation exhibites attitudes and behaviors that conservative segments of preceding generations uneasily assimilate.
Individual incidents can also produce a moral panic.Popular wisdom holds that the best way to implement character education is through a holistic approach that integrates character development into every aspect of school life. This approach is also known as whole school reform, and it’s a biggie.
Poignantly closing his book Democracy and Education with a reference to a moral education in school, Dewey () wrote that, “All education which develops power to share effectively in social life is moral Interest in learning from all the contacts of life is the essential moral interest” (p.
). Browse School of Character Lesson Plans Each lesson plan relates to webkandii.com's 11 Principles of Effective Character Education. Download our framework to learn more. Elementary At the Wax Museum, each student will dress up as their chosen person of character and will “come to life” and speak to visitors as that person.
Character education is an umbrella term loosely used to describe the teaching of children in a manner that will help them develop variously as moral, civic, good, mannered, behaved, non-bullying, healthy, critical, successful, traditional, compliant or socially acceptable beings.
The Rebirth and Retooling of Character Education in America By Russell J. Sojourner, Ph.D. participation in public life.
In the s, schools taught elements of good character and a more ethically rigorous and non-relativistic approach to moral education emerged when Harvard psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg () argued that the goal of.
In school, character education must be approached comprehensively to include the emotional, intellectual and moral qualities of a person or group. It must offer multiple opportunities for students to learn about, discuss and enact positive social behaviors.