Homer exhibited at the museum in his lifetime, and through the course of the twentieth century the PMA has become a symbolic home for the artist. Winslow Homer lived during a time that saw the United States grow from a young country of small towns to a modern industrial nation.
It was through the work of Civil War artists and photographers that the people of the United States and Europe were given their images of the war. During the Civil War there were more than 10, terrible armed conflicts between the North and South and many prints and paintings depict particular battles.
During the War, however, few artists actually drew battle scenes. Many sketched scenes of camp and quiet moments in the soldiers' army life, as few artists were close enough to see the sheer terror that soldiers experienced in battle.
Never had there been such a demand for news, and never had a battlefield been so vast. To meet the exigencies of the situation, journalists swarmed over half a continent, pressing dangerously far forward in the competitive drive for first news.
Their toll was great, and many were wounded captured, or incapacitated by diseases contracted in the field. Those journalists and artists who endured throughout the War could be numbered on one hand.
Most who worked as 'special artists' were in their 20s or early 30s, and even so the conditions took a great toll on them physically. A new feature of the press in was the illustrated weekly newspaper, which had been established as a news medium of significance around the middle of the 19th century.
The work of artists employed by the newspapers were not intended for saving, and original sketches were customarily thrown out after the engravers finished with the filed drawings. It was also not infrequent that the engravers neglected to credit the field artists.
For example, editorial cartoonist Thomas Nast became disliked by Winslow HomerAlfred Waudand others, because he was frequently stealing credit for other people's work. The fact that as much of the work of the special artists still exists to this day is somewhat amazing. Scenes from Confederate camps, are, not surprisingly, more difficult to find.
The North won the war, and in the effort of the Union Armies to take over the South, much was lost to torch and looting. The works of some, such as Henri Lovie activewho came from Europe to record the war effort, do however survive.
None of these illustrated papers were available to the Confederate population, however. In early all the illustrated newspapers of the United States were published in New York City, and though they had always circulated in the South, such traffic stopped in May, when mail between the warring areas was cancelled.
Feeling the need for an illustrated paper, the South, after a year and a half of war, tried to remedy the deficiency by establishing the Southern Illustrated News. Unfortunately the dire economic situation of the South did not permit this publication to be very 'vivid'. They couldn't support an artist in the field, and it contained only occasional portraits and cartoons.Winslow Homer was an American landscape painter who is considered the most famous American painter of the nineteenth century.
He is best known for his marine subjects. He worked as a commercial illustrator before turning to oil and then watercolor paints. Winslow Homer’s Early Life Winslow Homer was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in He was the second born child of Charles Savage Homer and Henrietta Benson Homer in a family of three sons.
Winslow Homer (February 24, – September 29, ) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects.
He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art. Winslow Homer, as previously mentioned in relation to 'special artists', recorded life on the battlefront in the s as a pictorial reporter for Harper's Weekly.
He . Winslow Homer (Book) | Greenwich Library | BiblioCommons. Born in , Winslow Homer is regarded by many as one of the greatest American painters of the 19th century.
He was born and raised in the Cambridge area, Boston, MA, and the first work he did in the field of art, was working as a print maker, in Boston, as well as in .