It reached its peak under Trajan in AD but ultimately, its size caused all manner of problems. Diocletian split the empire in two at the end of the Third Century Crisis, and by then, it was swiftly heading in the wrong direction.
At its peak, the Roman Empire held up to million people over a span of 1. Rome had conquered much of the known world. The Empire built 50, miles of roads, as well as many aqueducts, amphitheatres, and other works that are still in use today.
Our alphabet, calendar, languages, literature, and architecture borrow much from the Romans. How could such a powerful empire collapse? The Roman Economy Trade was vital to Rome. It was trade that allowed a wide variety of goods to be imported into its borders: Trade generated vast wealth for the citizens of Rome.
However, the city of Rome itself had only 1 million people, and costs kept rising as the empire became larger. Administrative, logistical, and military costs kept adding up, and the Empire found creative new ways to pay for things.
Along with other factors, this led to hyperinflation, a fractured economy, localization of trade, heavy taxes, and a financial crisis that crippled Rome. Roman Debasement The major silver coin used during the first years of the empire was the denarius.
During the first days of the Empire, these coins were of high purity, holding about 4. However, with a finite supply of silver and gold entering the empire, Roman spending was limited by the amount of denarii that could be minted.
This made financing the pet-projects of emperors challenging. How was the newest war, thermae, palace, or circus to be paid for? Roman officials found a way to work around this. With more coins in circulation, the government could spend more. And so, the content of silver dropped over the years.
Caracalla tried a different method of debasement. However, it had only the weight of 1. Each coin was a bronze core with a thin coating of silver.
The shine quickly wore off to reveal the poor quality underneath. The Consequences The real effects of debasement took time to materialize. Adding more coins of poorer quality into circulation did not help increase prosperity — it just transferred wealth away from the people, and it meant that more coins were needed to pay for goods and services.
At times, there was runaway inflation in the empire. For example, soldiers demanded far higher wages as the quality of coins diminished. By AD, when there was only 0. Only barbarian mercenaries were to be paid in gold. The Effects With soaring logistical and admin costs and no precious metals left to plunder from enemies, the Romans levied more and more taxes against the people to sustain the Empire.
The economy was paralyzed. By the end of the 3rd century, any trade that was left was mostly local, using inefficient barter methods instead of any meaningful medium of exchange.
The Collapse During the crisis of the 3rd century A. Dthere may have been more than 50 emperors. Most of these were murdered, assassinated, or killed in battle.The Fall of the Roman Empire Could Be Linked To Many Different Aspects: Army, Personally I think that all these reasons are linked and headed by the decline of the Roman emperor.
The deficient Emperor role led to the lacking military response to invasions,civil war and peasant uprisings. The causes and mechanisms of the Fall of the Western Roman Empire are a historical theme that was introduced by historian Edward Gibbon in his book The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Han and Roman DBQ The Han Empire and Imperial Rome had their own unique view on different aspects of life. They based their views on different things such as their culture and past experiences.
They based their views on different things such as their culture and past experiences. Start studying CH. 3 AP World. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search.
What internal and external factors contributed to the collapse of Rome and China? What expresses the basic difference between what the Roman Empire and the Han dynasty believed was the key to good government? Example: The Roman's republic turning into an empire is a negative because the empire doesn't represent the people.
What factors contributed to the fall of the Roman Republic? The gap between rich and poor, death of all the emperors, the laziness of the soldiers, and the foreign invaders. At its peak, the Roman Empire held up to million people over a span of million square miles.
Rome had conquered much of the known world. The Empire built 50, miles of roads, as well as many aqueducts, amphitheatres, and other works that are still in .