Richard the Lionheart embarks on the Third Crusade July King Richard the Lionheart gains control of Tyre July: The crusaders recover the city of Acre from the Muslims - The crusaders battle against Saladin for two years but fail to capture Jerusalem from the Muslims September 2: The Peace of Ramla.
In a period of disunity in the Muslim world, Saladin conquered and unified warring factions. As an ethnic outsider, Ayyub had developed administrative skills that made him useful to his overlord, but he was also ambitious for wealth and power. Ayyub became governor of Baalbek, in Syria, and it was here that Saladin spent his childhood.
Like many other well-born youths of his era, Saladin became an accomplished horseman and hunter—lion and gazelle were favored prey—and he learned hawking. He was a highly skilled polo player.
Following the accepted educational program for young ruling-class men, Saladin studied the Koran and learned poetry, grammar, and script. He spoke Kurdish, Arabic, and probably Turkish.
Also in his early years he drank wine. Saladin early followed his father and brothers in a military career. His brother Shahan Shah fought in the Second Crusade and was killed in When he was only fourteen, Saladin had his own fief, and at sixteen he had considerable property holdings.
He may have had a wife by this time, according to some historians, but others say there is no evidence of his marriage before age thirty. At the beginning of his military career Saladin was posted near Nur al-Din in Aleppo, but at age eighteen he became a deputy in Damascus, responsible for administrative and judicial matters.
There Saladin cultivated a love for the fairness and impartiality of Koranic law, and he rendered judgments with loyalty and compassion.
When he found that his chief accountant was dishonest, Saladin resigned his position and returned to Nur al-Din as an aide-de-camp. Their close relationship led to a turning point for Saladin, one of importance to the entire Islamic world for a century: He was sent to Egypt, a major battleground of Islam in the Middle Ages.
There he gained his vision for unification of the Muslim world and expulsion of the Christian Crusaders. The Seljuk caliphate, ruled by Nur al-Din, was of the more liberal Sunni sect and had its seat of power in Baghdad.
Like a splinter between them was the Latin Kingdom, a Christian stronghold along the eastern Mediterranean coast, ruled by a Frank, Amalric I. Nur al-Din believed that if Amalric were able to join forces with the Byzantine emperor to conquer Egypt, the whole Islamic world would be threatened.
The stakes were great: Rich trade routes to the Orient, religious and educational centers, and plentiful agricultural lands could be lost. During part of this period, Amalric had a treaty to defend Cairo against Syrian invaders.
Saladin had grave misgivings about returning to Egypt, in part because he distrusted the motives of his powerful uncle Shirkuh, who was leading the return.
The political situation there was dangerous and unstable. The entire section is 1, words. Critical Essays Reference You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides andHomework Help questions answered by our experts.- Salah al-Din Yusuf bin Ayub or Saladin as he more commonly known was born in A.D.
The meaning of his Arabic name is "righteousness of the faith." As a child Saladin was a studious boy who studied the Koran as well as poetry. Al-Malik al-Nasir Yusuf ibn Ayyub Salah al-Din (“righteousness of the faith”), or Saladin, was responsible for the near-total destruction of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem; he founded the short-lived Ayyubid dynasty of Egypt and Syria, northern Iraq, and Yemen.
Saladin was born in Tikrit in modern-day webkandii.com personal name was "Yusuf"; "Salah ad-Din" is a laqab, an honorific epithet, meaning "Righteousness of the Faith."His family was of Kurdish ancestry, and had originated from the city of Dvin in central Armenia.
The Rawadiya tribe he hailed from had been partially assimilated into the Arabic-speaking world by this webkandii.com: Umayyad Mosque, Damascus. One of the most famous sultans during the Third Crusade was Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub, better known in the Western world as Saladin.
Saladin was a Muslim of Kurdish origins. He became the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid Dynasty. Saladin led Islamic oppositi. Saladin. Short Biography, facts and interesting information about Saladin - the life of one of the famous people who lived during the Medieval times.
Sala ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub (Arabic: Kurdish: or Selahedînê Eyûbî) (/ – March ), better known in the Western world as Saladin, was the first Sultan of .